Decision Making Process on Vietnam Policy" is a forty-seven volume, 7,page, 2.
Summary of the Vietnam War: For this reason, in Vietnam today it is known as the American War. It was a direct result of the First Indochina War — between France, which claimed Vietnam as a colony, and the communist forces then known as Viet Minh.
It ended with communist victory in April The Vietnam War was the longest in U. The war was extremely divisive in the U. Casualties in the Vietnam War The U. Casualties for the Republic of South Vietnam will never be adequately resolved.
Low estimates calculatecombat KIA and a half-million wounded. Civilian loss of life was also very heavy, with the lowest estimates aroundSimilarly, casualty totals among the VC and NVA and the number of dead and wounded civilians in North Vietnam cannot be determined exactly.
Civilian deaths during that time period were estimated at 2 million, but the U. China conquered the northern part of modern Vietnam in BC and retained control until AD; it continued to exert some control over the Vietnamese until Originally, Vietnam ended at the 17th parallel, but it gradually conquered all the area southward along the coastline of the South Cause and effect vietnam war Sea and west to Cambodia.
Population in the south was mostly clustered in a few areas along the coast; the north always enjoyed a larger population. The two sections were not unlike North and South in the United States prior to the Civil War; their people did not fully trust each other.
Before the s, the French controlled Vietnam. In the early 20th century, Vietnamese nationalism began to rise, clashing with the French colonial rulers.
The French suffered a major defeat at Dien Bien Phu inleading to negotiations that ended with the Geneva Agreements, July 21, Under those agreements, Cambodia and Laos—which had been part of the French colony—received their independence.
Vietnam, however, was divided at the 17th parallel. The division was supposed to be temporary: When the time came, however, Diem resisted the elections; the more populous north would certainly win. Some 80, Vietnamese from the south had moved to the north after the Geneva Agreements were signed.
Ten times as many Vietnamese had fled the north, where the Communist Party was killing off its rivals, seizing property, and oppressing the large Catholic population. A cadre was drawn from those who went north; they were trained, equipped and sent back to the south to aid in organizing and guiding the insurgency.
Some in the North Vietnamese government thought the course of war in the south was unwise, but they were overruled. Although publicly the war in the south was described as a civil war within South Vietnam, it was guided, equipped and reinforced by the communist leadership in Hanoi.
S—feared communist expansion throughout Southeast Asia. The Central Intelligence Agency CIA advised that was not the case—America had a strong military presence in the Pacific that would serve as a deterrent. A different feeling prevailed among many within the U. The communist takeover of China and subsequent war in Korea against North Korean and Chinese troops had focused a great deal of attention on Southeast Asia as a place to take a strong stand against the spread of communism.
They were the only father-son pair to die in Vietnam. Ho Chi Minh had been educated in Paris. There is considerable debate over whether he was primarily nationalist or communist, but he was not especially anti-Western. Ho attempted to contact Eisenhower to discuss Vietnam but received no answer.
That would have made any negotiation with Ho politically ticklish. A lingering question of the war is what might have happened if Eisenhower and Ho had arranged a meeting; possibly, an accord could have been reached, or possibly Ho was simply seeking to limit American involvement, in order to more easily depose the Diem government.
North Vietnam, had by then established a presence in Laos and developed the Ho Chi Minh Trail through that country in order to resupply and reinforce its forces in South Vietnam.
Kennedy saw American efforts in Southeast Asia almost as a crusade and believed increasing the military advisor program, coupled with political reform in South Vietnam, would strengthen the south and bring peace.
The peasants resented being forced from their ancestral lands, and consolidating them gave the VC better targets.
The program, which had been poorly managed, was abandoned after about two years, following the coup that deposed Diem. Diem fell from favor with his American patrons, partly over disagreements in how to handle the war against the VC and partly because of his unpopular suppression of religious sects and anyone he feared threatened his regime.
He, in turn, called the Buddhists VC sympathizers.Claim: Vietnamese general Vo Nguyen Giap’s memoirs pinned U.S. military failure in Vietnam on anti-war reporting in the American media. Ho Chi Minh, the enemy of the United States in the Vietnam War, was initially a friend.
He worked with U.S.
special forces in rescuing downed American airmen and providing intelligence on Japanese movements during the last year of World War II. When you think about the Vietnam War, there's a good chance you picture the Hollywood version, complete with long-captive POWs, gobs of bush fighting, and Christopher Walken playing ultra-violent games of Russian roulette.
But just as Russian roulette was known to have been played during the war. Some of these titles were produced from formally classified manuscripts. Official history compiled by United States Air Force historians.
Some of these volumes can be difficult to find, because they were printed in limited quantities, and intended for a specialized audience. Video: The Vietnam War: Causes, Conflicts & Effects The Vietnam War was the longest and most polarizing conflict in the history of the United States.
Learn about the causes of the war as well as. Side of the Vietnam War The Positive Side of the Vietnam War War is a tough gritty world that describes the destruction of people and countries in the name of nationalism; it is difficult to justify war and give a positive outcome when shown the disaster it causes.