Crucible of Civilization Iraq: Crucible of Civilization Summary: In around BC according to archaeologists was the birthplace of civilization at city called Sumer located at lower Mesopotamia which is now known as Iraq.
First, it was inordinately protracted, lasting longer than either world war, essentially because Iran did not want to end it, while Iraq could not. Second, it was sharply asymmetrical in the means employed by each side, because though both sides exported oil and purchased military imports throughout, Iraq was further subsidized and supported by Kuwait and Saudi Arabia, allowing it to acquire advanced weapons and expertise on a much larger scale than Iran.
Third, it included three modes of warfare absent in all previous wars since When Saddam Hussein, president of Iraq, quite deliberately started the war, he miscalculated on two counts: Had Iran been given ample warning, it would have mobilized its forces to defend its borderlands; that would have made the Iraqi invasion much more difficult, but in the process the bulk of Iranian forces might have been defeated, possibly forcing Iran to accept a cease-fire on Iraqi terms.
As it was, the initial Iraqi offensive thrusts landed in the void, encountering only weak border units before reaching their logistical limits. At that point, Iran had only just started to mobilize in earnest.
From then on, until the final months of the war eight years later, Iraq was forced on the strategic defensive, having to face periodic Iranian offensives on one sector or another, year after year. But Iran rejected a cease-fire, demanding the removal of Saddam Hussein and compensation for war damage.
But revolutionary Iran was very limited in its tactically offensive means. Cut off from U. Having long conserved its forces and shifted to all-mechanized configurations to circumvent the reluctance of its troops to face enemy fire, Iraq attacked on a large scale in April The end came on July 18, when Iran accepted UN Resolution calling for an immediate cease-fire, though minor Iraqi attacks continued for a few more days after the truce came into effect on July 20, Edited by Robert Cowley and Geoffrey Parker.Iraq invasion of kuwait essay writing.
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Jul 20, · Find out more about the history of Iran-Iraq War, including videos, interesting articles, pictures, historical features and more. Get all the facts on nationwidesecretarial.com In ancient times the land area now known as modern Iraq was almost equivalent to Mesopotamia, the land between the two rivers Tigris and Euphrates (in Arabic, the Dijla and Furat, respectively), the Mesopotamian plain was called the Fertile Crescent.
This region is known as the Cradle of. Essay about Iraq Iraq is a country located in South-West Asia. It borders with Turkey, Iran, The national color of Iraq cannot leave any person indifferent Later, Iraq became a part of such great ancient states as Babylonia and Assyria. By providing visual, written, and interactive information about ancient Mesopotamia and modern Iraq, as well as making the linkages between the ancient past and contemporary life, the designers of this website have given world history educators a fantastic gift that will surely be appreciated and copied.
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