Committing and acting or rejecting and not acting. It is a well-worn term often used with little attention to meaning.
The significance of these classifications is that each different type requires different types of instruction. Gagne identifies five major categories of learning: Different internal and external conditions are necessary for each type of learning.
For example, for cognitive strategies to be learned, there must be a chance to practice developing new solutions to problems; to learn attitudes, the learner must be exposed to a credible role model or persuasive arguments.
Gagne suggests that learning tasks for intellectual skills can be organized in a hierarchy according to complexity: The primary significance of the hierarchy is to identify prerequisites that should be completed to facilitate learning at each level.
Learning hierarchies provide a basis for the sequencing of instruction. In addition, the theory outlines nine instructional events and corresponding cognitive processes: Gaining attention reception Informing learners of the objective expectancy Stimulating recall of prior learning retrieval Presenting the stimulus selective perception Providing learning guidance semantic encoding Eliciting performance responding Assessing performance retrieval Enhancing retention and transfer generalization.
Gagne addresses the role of instructional technology in learning. Example The following example illustrates a teaching sequence corresponding to the nine instructional events for the objective, Recognize an equilateral triangle: Gain attention — show variety of computer generated triangles Identify objective — pose question: Principles Different instruction is required for different learning outcomes.
Events of learning operate on the learner in ways that constitute the conditions of learning. The specific operations that constitute instructional events are different for each different type of learning outcome.
Learning hierarchies define what intellectual skills are to be learned and a sequence of instruction. Military training and principles of learning.
American Psychologist, 17, The Conditions of Learning 4th Ed. Essentials of Learning for Instruction 2nd Ed. Principles of Instructional Design 4th Ed.Study cards for INFT - Chapter 5 - Andragogy Adult Learning Theory study guide by Aaron_Traphagen includes 16 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more.
Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve your grades. Psychology Courses at Ashford University.
This course presents adult development theory and links theoretical concepts of life and learning through a process of psychometric assessment and reflection. Both classical and contemporary adult development theories are examined. As the foundation of cognitive psychology, learning and.
Self-regulated learning strategies help to prepare learners for lifelong learning and the important capaci- ty to transfer skills, knowledge, and abilities from one.
Adult Learning Theory SD Liberty University Online INFT B65 March 8, Summary The two articles on adult learning theory studied were “ALT: Application to Non-Traditional College Students” written by Cari Kenner and Jason Weinerman and “ALT for . The Rapid E-Learning Blog. Practical, real-world tips for e-learning success.
The theory of multiple intelligences is so intriguing because it expands our horizon of available teaching/learning tools beyond the conventional linguistic and logical methods used in most schools (e.g.
lecture, textbooks, writing assignments, formulas, etc.).