Email The passing of former New York Mayor Ed Koch shown on February 1 brings to mind one of the most controversial things he ever did as a Democrat in the heart of American liberalism. Inthe three-term January 1, - December 31, mayor wrote an essay defending the death penalty. He even had the temerity to declare, "Life is indeed precious and I believe the death penalty helps to affirm that fact. Yet the issue has been hotly debated for decades, based on claims concerning the morality of a state-imposed sentence of death.
His father was a farmer and the city treasurer. However, he chose to start studying medicine mainly because he considered his voice too weak for preaching. Inhe was appointed as medical assistant to the prosector pathologist Robert Froriepfrom whom he learned microscopy for his interest in pathology.
Froriep was also the editor of an abstract journal that specialised in foreign work, allowing Virchow to be exposed to the more forward-looking scientific ideas of France and England. Inhe was appointed to his first academic position with the rank of privatdozent.
Unlike his German peers, Virchow had great faith in clinical observation, animal experimentation to determine causes of diseases and the effects of drugs and pathological anatomy, particularly at the microscopic level, as the basic principles of investigation in medical sciences.
He went further and stated that the cell was the basic unit of the body that had to be studied to understand disease. It was from this medical campaign that he developed his ideas on social medicine and politics after seeing the victims and their poverty.
Even though he was not particularly successful in combating the epidemic, his paged Report on the Typhus Epidemic in Upper Silesia in became a turning point in politics and public health in Germany.
To fight political injustice he helped founding Die medicinische Reform Medical Reforma weekly newspaper for promoting social medicine, in July of that year.
The newspaper ran under the banners "medicine is a social science" and "the physician is the natural attorney of the poor". Political pressures forced him to terminate the publication in Juneand he was expelled from his official position. During his six-year period there, he concentrated on his scientific work, including detailed studies on venous thrombosis and cellular theory.
His first major work there was a six-volume Handbuch der speciellen Pathologie und Therapie Handbook on Special Pathology and Therapeutics published in He held the latter post for the next 20 years.
His most widely known scientific contribution is his cell theorywhich built on the work of Theodor Schwann. He was one of the first to accept the work of Robert Remakwho showed the origins of cells was the division of pre-existing cells. For example, maggots were believed to appear spontaneously in decaying meat; Francesco Redi carried out experiments which disproved this notion and coined the maxim Omne vivum ex ovo "Every living thing comes from a living thing" — literally "from an egg" ; Virchow and his predecessors extended this to state that the only source for a living cell was another living cell.
Inhe suggested that cancers arise from the activation of dormant cells perhaps similar to cells now known as stem cells present in mature tissue. He thought, rather wrongly, that the irritation spread in the form of liquid so that cancer rapidly increases. First described by Karl Thiersch in the s.
While other physicians such as Ernst von Bergmann suggested surgical removal of the entire larynx, Virchow was opposed to it because no successful operation of such kind had ever been done. The British surgeon, Morell Mackenzieperformed a biopsy in and sent it to Virchow, who identified them as "pachydermia verrucosa laryngis".
Virchow affirmed that the tissues were not cancerous, even after several biopsy tests. The Kaiser died on 15 June The next day a post-mortem examination was performed by Virchow and his assistant. They found that the larynx was extensively damaged due to ulcer, and microscopic examination confirmed epidermal carcinoma.Robert Koch was born on December 11, , at Clausthal in the Upper Harz Mountains.
The son of a mining engineer, he astounded his parents at the age of five by telling them that he had, with the aid of the newspapers, taught himself to read, a feat which foreshadowed the intelligence and.
Robert Koch Essay - Robert Koch was a physician and a scientist. According to Blevins and Bronze (), his work “launched the new field of medical bacteriology,” and “ushered in a ‘golden age’ of scientific discovery and a new era of public health” (p.
The essay "Death and Justice: How Capital Punishment Affirms Life," by Edward I. Koch, is a rather conservative outlook of the death penalty from a member of the Democratic Party. It first appeared in The New Republic, a magazine that is known for its controversial articles.
In the essay, Koch.
Koch would buy out the group for $ billion, of which Bill would receive $ million and Frederick $ million. Such was the price of peace at Koch Industries. Charles signed. Robert Koch was born on December 11, , at Clausthal in the Upper Harz Mountains.
The son of a mining engineer, he astounded his parents at the age of five by telling them that he had, with the aid of the newspapers, taught himself to read, a feat which foreshadowed the intelligence and. Essay on Koch vs.
Virchow Words | 5 Pages. Koch believes that most health issues arise because of biological issues, and thus can only be cured with medical advancement. On the other hand, Virchow believed that the main cause of adverse health was because of poverty and biological principles.
Both men have fantastic arguments, but to see.