Islam, one of the three Abrahamic religions, is the second largest religion in the world with over 1 billion practitioners.
Sunniter och Shiatranslated by Johanne Teerink. The major split in Islam is that between the majority Sunnis and the minority Shiites.
The split goes back to events in the 7th century: Some in the community felt that this succession was not legitimate, and that the title of caliph really belonged to Ali ibn Abi Talib. Both sides believe that Mohammed specifically designated their man: Supporters of Abu became the Sunnis, those of ibn Ali the Shiites.
Ulthman at last passed the torch to Ali. When Ali was murdered inthe Caliphate passed to Muawiya, who would found the famous Umayyid Caliphate. Split of islam was buried in Najaf in what is now Iraq, and the site remains a major Shiite holy site.
Sunni refers to the sunnas, or oral traditions and interpretations of the Koran -- a body of work similar to the Jewish Talmud. Sunnis believe that the position of Caliph should be a position to which one is elected by the religious leaders of the Islamic community, and not dependent on direct lineage from Mohammed.
Shiite comes from the word shia, which means "the party of Ali. They consider certain direct descendants of Ali - the Imams - infallible and the true inheritors of Mohammed. Ali was the first Imam, his son Hassan the second, his second son Hussein the third.
However, their succession ended with the 12th Imam, who went into hiding in Most Shiites believe that the 12th Imam will reemerge someday as the Mahdi or Messiah, and reassert his leadership of the Islamic world.
In the meantime, ayatollahs are elected to serve as caretakers of the faith. Most Sunnis and Shiites are liberal, although not by western standards. In peaceful and prosperous times, there is little conflict between them.
But both have more extreme factions as well. Some Shiites, for example, have a tradition of valuing martyrdom that came out of their early experiences of conflict with the Sunnis. The most famous Sunni extremist faction is the Wahhabi sect, of which Osama bin Laden is possibly a member.
It is characterized by radical fundamentalism: The Koran is not to be interpreted but rather taken literally.
There are to be no prayers or other appeals to prophets, saints, or any entity other than God. There are to be no images of or monuments to any supposed Islamic leaders, not even elaborate tombs for famous Moslems.
And the Koran is to be the sole source of secular as well as religious law. Another famous group is the Sufi movement, which can be Sunni or Shiite. In this sense, they resemble Zen Buddhism. Sufism is also noted for its use of stories that have layered meanings, much like the parables of Jesus.
Map from Wikipedia Commons.The splitting of the moon (Arabic: انشقاق القمر ) is a miracle in Muslim tradition attributed to the Islamic prophet Muhammad. It is derived from the Quranic verses , and mentioned by Muslim traditions such as the Asbab al-nuzul (context of revelation).
Way back in the early days of Islam, immediately following the death of Prophet Muhammad, may Allah's peace and blessings be upon him, this split opened up.
Initially this was purely a "political" difference; both sides were Muslim and they all . Islam, one of the three Abrahamic religions, is the second largest religion in the world with over 1 billion practitioners.
During the 7th century, the burgeoning religion faced a significant dilemma when the Prophet Muhammad, the religion's founder, passed away without officially naming his heir. Islam, one of the three Abrahamic religions, is the second largest religion in the world with over 1 billion practitioners.
During the 7th century, the burgeoning religion faced a significant dilemma when the Prophet Muhammad, the religion's founder, passed away without officially naming his heir. Sunni Islam and Shia Islam are the two major denominations of Islam. They chose sides following the death of the Islamic prophet Muhammad in AD A dispute over succession to Islamic prophet Muhammad as a caliph of the Islamic community spread across various parts of the world, which led to the Battle of Jamal and Battle of Siffin.
Jan 17, · The split between the two main branches of Islam is nearly 1, years old, and started with a fight over who should lead the faithful after the prophet Muhammad's death in